Cancel Culture Intensifies – American Thinker

It may be too strong 不定式主语to say that a specter of uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions is haunting the Western democracies, but two interrelated issues are cause for concern. One is the apprehension 同位语从句that the West is erasing too readily historical landmarks or individuals 定语从句that are regarded as inimical to certain modern sensibilities or is downplaying past achievements 状语从句while other factors are considered more important. The second is the emergence of a “counterculture” — not simply the lack of commitment to a common culture, but a modern form of ostracism 分词定语removing or downgrading people, expressions, and ideas 分词定语deemed offensive or problematic or not politically correct to particular groups or to social or professional circles.

Changes in culture in the U.S. may be illuminated or inferred from two recent events.  One is the dilemma of the football team, the Washington Redskins, once the Boston Braves, presently 分词定语known as the Washington Football Team 状语从句until an inoffensive name is found.  The other pertains to the symbolism of Winston Churchill.  In 2001, the bust of Churchill was loaned by Prime Minister Tony Blair to President George W. Bush, 定语从句who put it in the Oval Office.  The bust was removed by President Obama in 2009 and was reinstated by President Trump in 2017.  On his first day in office, President Biden removed the bust from the Oval Office and replaced it with images of Martin Luther King, Jr.; Rosa Parks; Robert Kennedy; and Cesar Chávez.  Prime Minister Boris Johnson is not alone in seeing this new removal as a “snub to Britain.”

A new development in Britain raises the issue of intellectual cultural amnesia or a lack of commitment to a historic culture. It stems from the decision of the University of Leicester, 定语从句which issued an extraordinary statement 分词定语denying that it was dropping Geoffrey Chaucer from its English courses 状语从句because Chaucer was “too white.” University plans had been revealed 同位语从句that he was being replaced by teaching modules on race, ethnicity, diversity, and sexuality. Such courses, 同位语a decolonized curriculum, according to university officials, would match students’ own interests and enthusiasms. This means 宾语从句that programs will be offered in English literature from “Shakespeare to Bernadine Evaristo,” 同位语the author 定语从句who in 2019 is the first black woman to win the Booker Prize, the leading literary award in the English-speaking world. However, cuts in the programs will be made 分词定语affecting John Milton’s Paradise Lost, poems of John Donne, and Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur.

It may be admitted主语从句 that readers of Chaucer are a minority cult, and that few are engaged in seeking adventure or glory in noble deeds 状语从句as are the knights of Malory, but Chaucer is generally considered the father of English literature with his immortal work The Canterbury Tales. He was the first person to be buried in Westminster Abbey in the area 分词定语known as Poet’s Corner. The decision of Leicester University is not simply another example of “cancel culture,” but also disregarding valuable information of early British history.

The Canterbury Tales, the 24 stories 分词定语told 1387–1400, on the pilgrimage from Southwark to St. Thomas Becket’s shrine in Canterbury, provides a portrait of English society at the time of the peasants’ revolt in 1381 and turmoil in the Church,分词定语 told by a diverse, wide-ranging group of people — the knight, the merchant, the pardoner, the Wife of Bath — and social classes,分词定语 thrown together by accident. Though on a “pilgrimage,” the group is more concerned with material things than spiritual ones. Leicester, in its obsequiousness to political correctness, will deprive its students of an ironic and critical presentation of English society and of the Church at that time.

One of those critical of the impact of political correctness is Prime Minister Boris Johnson. We cannot, he said, now try to edit or censor our past: “We cannot pretend to have a different history.” However, in recent weeks, that history has been subject to different interpretation.

Another victim of modern anti-racism is Charles Dickens, 定语从句who supported liberal causes, including the European revolutions of the 1840s, expressed sympathy for the working class, abhorred slavery, and supported the anti-slavery movement. However, in private letters, Dickens expressed “racist” sentiments, such as referring to Indians as “low, treacherous, murderous, tigerous, villains.” In 2020, the Charles Dickens Museum in Broadstairs, Kent, was defaced by a former local councilor 定语从句who scrawled the words “Dickens, Racist” on the wall and defaced a street sign of Dickens Road with black paint.

Many will be familiar with Oliver Cromwell, 定语从句who led the parliamentary army 定语从句that defeated Charles I and became Lord Protector of England, but定语从句 who was also responsible for brutal military dictates定语从句 that led to deaths of thousands, including 2,000 in Wexford, in his invasion of Ireland. Statues to him have been built in a number of places, including one in Wythenshawe Park, Manchester. In June 2020, that bronze granite plinth and pedestal monument was vandalized with the words “Cromwell, racist and cockroach,” and the letters BLM were written on it. Some have viewed this act as one of mindless graffiti, 分词状语arguing 宾语从句that the pyramids were built by slave labor: shall we tear them down?

Two more examples come from Britain, one from the British capital. The City of London is planning to remove statues of former Lord Mayor William Beckford and Sir John Cass because of their links to the slave trade. Beckford was twice lord mayor in 1762 and 1769. He was born in Jamaica and inherited 13 sugar plantations and 3,000 slaves. He was usually considered a political reformer. Cass was a merchant and in 1705 was a board member of the Royal African Company. He was Tory M.P. for the City of London 1710–1715 and sheriff of London. He funded a mixed school, the Cass Foundation school, 定语从句that has become part of the City of London Polytechnic and now called the London Metropolitan University. But the name of Cass has been removed from one of the units in the university.

After the BLM protests in the U.S. and elsewhere, the Exeter City Council set up a task force to review the complaints 定语从句that had arisen over the bronze statue of General Redvers Buller, astride his favorite horse, 分词定语erected in 1905 in the city center of Exeter. Buller had been born in Crediton, about seven miles from Exeter. He was a war hero 定语从句who won the Victoria Cross during the Second Zulu War in 1879, 定语从句where he carried three men to safety during a military defeat. He became commander in chief of British forces during the early part of the Second Boer War and subsequently commanded the army in Natal until 1900, but he was an unsuccessful general. He was defeated three times by the Boers with heavy losses. After his “retirement,” he was awarded the freedom of Exeter and given a jeweled sword.

The review by the City Council concluded宾语从句 that the statue should be removed, but about 7,500 people signed a petition 同位语从句that the statue be saved and that “historically illiterate people cannot erase our history.” The problem arose 状语从句because in Buller’s case, that history includes references to colonial campaigns on the plinth of the statue including the words “he saved Natal.” His fault was 名词从句that he was linked to British imperialism.

On the general issue of correctness, some interesting remarks have come from an unlikely source: the brilliant British comedian Rowan Atkinson. Without specifically mentioning cancel culture, he alluded to the “digital equivalent of a medieval mob 分词定语roaming the streets looking for someone to burn.” Modern societies must be aware of the tendency to boycott supposedlyl questionable or controversial individuals or ideas. The rules of the game may change, and with it changing standards. It is wise 不定式主语to adhere to the approach that there is more than one set of publicly palatable ideas about history and about the present at this time.

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